Medical researchers are still learning about nervous system injuries and how to best treat them. While there have been major advancements in the treatment technology in recent years, there is still a long way to go. Patients who suffer from these types of injuries can often expect some level of recovery but it will likely follow a long and arduous period of treatment as they recover from their injuries.
Spine and traumatic brain injuries; the most common nervous system injuries
Injuries to the brain and spine can happen in a moment, and the results can be lifelong. Patients who suffer from spine or traumatic brain injuries can expect a long road to recovery ahead of them. Oftentimes, when one area of the brain is injured or damaged, excess capacity in another area of the brain can be accessed.
Recovery from such injuries is not impossible but will require a lot of time, dedication, and first-rate medical care.
Common causes of nervous system injuries
Some of the most common causes of these types of injuries include auto accidents, strokes, sports injuries, aneurysms, and a lack of oxygen, among others. In many cases, immediate surgery is required to relieve the pressure that the swelling from these injuries causes. Swelling in the brain must be treated immediately in order to prevent the spread of the damage to other parts of the brain as well as the nervous system. Patients who are 40 years old and younger who suffer from traumatic brain injuries have the highest likelihood of making a full recovery from their brain injuries.
Treatment options for nervous system injuries
In addition to surgery to alleviate any pressure that is being put on the brain or other parts of the nervous system, there are other treatment options. When a brain injury affects the spinal cord, a patient may lose the ability to move certain parts of their body. They will have to learn how to live with these limitations. And, if some of their abilities return over time, they may have to relearn skills such as walking and talking. Nervous system injuries require a lot of therapy of all different types. As technology is developed, these treatment options will improve.